Code42, the leader in data loss protection, released the annual 2019 Global Data Exposure Report. The study found that insider threats – caused by current and departing employees – expose companies to breaches and put corporate data at risk. The research also questions whether the right data security solutions are being funded and deployed to stop insider threats and asserts that legacy data loss prevention solutions fall short in getting the job done.
Today, 79% of information security leaders believe that employees are an effective frontline of defense against data breaches. However, this year's report disputes that notion.
Wake-Up Call: Insider Threats are your Biggest Danger to Data Security
Recognizing that employees are the power behind any organization, companies are increasingly implementing strategies for collaboration to make information sharing easier than ever. Unfortunately, some organizations have not put in appropriate detection and response data security controls, and instead simply trust employees to keep data safe. However, this trust is frequently abused. The study showed that employees take more risks with data than employers think, which leaves organizations open to insider threat. Key findings said:
- Rather than sticking to company-provided file sharing and collaboration tools, one in three (31%) business decision-makers also use social media platforms, such as Twitter, Facebook or LinkedIn, 37% use WhatsApp and 43% use personal email to send files and collaborate with their colleagues.
- Over three-quarters (78%) of CSOs and 65% of CEOs admit to clicking on a link they should not have, showing that no level of employee is immune to lapses in judgement.
- These types of risk-based actions are why half of the data breaches that companies admitted to experiencing in the previous 18 months have been caused by employees, according to both information security leaders and business decision-makers (50% and 53% respectively).
"Organizations are overlooking the most harmful data security threat: their own employees. While security leaders likely are aware of the problem, they may not grasp the sheer magnitude of it. And most have fallen behind in effectively detecting and responding to insider threats," said Joe Payne, Code42 president and CEO. "The brutal truth is employees take data. Companies that don't have or underinvest in an insider threat program or rely on legacy data loss prevention solutions, are feeling the pain and winding up in headlines. Security leaders must find a better way to protect sensitive company data and address threats coming from within their own walls."
Departing Employees Pose Major Security Risks
While most employees try to leave their jobs on a positive note, chances are they are taking more than just memories when they leave; they're also pocketing proprietary data – negatively impacting their former colleagues. Equally as concerning as departing employees are incoming employees who bring data from their prior organizations with them. The study found:
- Nearly two-thirds (63%) of survey respondents admit to bringing data from past employers to their new jobs.
- What's more, most employees today feel entitled to personal ownership over their work. In fact, a large majority of information security leaders (72%) agree: "It's not just corporate data, it's my work – and my ideas."
Traditional Prevention Solutions Are Not Working
Information security leaders know their data is at risk. While traditional prevention solutions are widespread, these solutions aren't proving effective in protecting valuable data, such as customer lists and source code, from insider threats. The Global Data Exposure Report showed:
- Over two-thirds (69%) of organizations say they were breached due to an insider threat and confirm they had a prevention solution in place at the time of the breach.
- Over three-quarters (78%) of information security leaders – including those with traditional data loss prevention (DLP) – believe that prevention strategies and solutions are not enough to stop insider threat.
In line with these findings, a commissioned study conducted by Forrester Consulting in 2019 on behalf of Code42 found that four in five (81%) survey respondents need a better way to protect sensitive data without slowing down innovation. Furthermore, nearly half (48%) of them also deemed it a critical priority in the next year to better protect sensitive company and customer data.
"We're seeing companies empower their employees without the proper security programs in place, leaving companies in a heightened state of risk," said Jadee Hanson, CISO and vice president of information systems of Code42. "In addition to enforcing awareness trainings, implementing data loss protection technologies and adding data protection measures to on- and off-boarding processes, organizations should not delay in launching transparent, cross-functional insider threat programs. Insider threats are real. Failing to act will only result in increasingly catastrophic data loss and breaches."
Download a free copy of the 2019 Global Data Exposure Report here.
The research for this report was conducted by Sapio Research, an independent research consultancy based in the United Kingdom. The survey was completed, via online response, during May 2019.
The respondent breakdown is as follows:
Information Security Leaders:
- USA: 375
- UK: 377
- Germany, Austria and Switzerland: 276
Almost a quarter (21%) of the information security audience are representative of the C-suite, including CISOs, CSOs, CIOs and CTOs.
- USA: 200
- UK: 200
- Germany, Austria and Switzerland: 215
Thirty percent of the business audience are representative of the C-suite.
The research surveyed 1,028 information security leaders, as well as 615 business decision-makers, all with decision-making powers, or influence over, the provisioning of cybersecurity solutions, products and services.